Nouvelles du 09-10- 2008
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" Saint Paul migrant, « apôtre des gentils "



La journée mondiale du migrant et du réfugié

18 janvier 2009

Thème de la journée mondiale du Migrant et du réfugié que propose le Conseil Pontifical de la Pastorale des Migrants et des Personnes Itinérante au saint Père : une invitation à lire ou relire les traces de St-Paul pour mieux découvrir son parcours comme migrant, de biens des façons. cette riche figure nous aidera à réflechir sur la vocation de l'Eglise, et par conséquent sur notre propre vocation au sein de cette église et dans le monde

• Informations disponibles à La Pastorale des Migrants – 269 bis, rue du Fb Saint Antoine –
75011 Paris ; téléphone 0143 72 47 21 ; fax 01 46 59 04 89 ; snpm@eglisemigrations.org


Journée mondiale du Migrant 2008 : Message de Benoît XVI


Message de Benoît XVI
Pour la 95e Journée mondiale du MIGRANT et du REFUGIE

Saint Paul migrant, « apôtre des gentils »

Message de Benoît XVI pour la Journée mondiale du migrant 2009

ROME, Mercredi 8 octobre 2008 (ZENIT.org) - Le Message de Benoît XVI pour la 95e Journée mondiale du migrant, fixée au 18 janvier 2009 a pour thème « Saint Paul migrant, ‘apôtre des gentils' » . Il a été présenté ce matin au Vatican par le cardinal Renato Raffaele Martino, président du Conseil pontifical pour la pastorale des migrants et des personnes en déplacement, accompagné du secrétaire de ce dicastère, Mgr Agostino Marchetto.

Voici le texte de Benoît XVI (il est disponible sur le site du Vatican en français, en anglais, en espagnol, en italien et en allemand).

Chers frères et sœurs,

Cette année, le message pour la Journée Mondiale du Migrant et du Réfugié a pour thème: «Saint Paul migrant, ‘Apôtre des Peuples'», et s'inspire de l'heureuse coïncidence de l'Année jubilaire que j'ai institué en l'honneur de l'Apôtre à l'occasion du deuxième millénaire de sa naissance. La prédication et l'œuvre de méditation entre les différentes cultures et l'Evangile, œuvre de Paul «migrant par vocation», constituent en effet également un point de référence important pour celui qui se trouve impliqué dans le mouvement migratoire contemporain.

Né dans une famille de juifs émigrés à Tarse de Cilicie, Saul fut éduqué dans la langue et la culture juive et hellénistique, en valorisant le contexte culturel romain. Après que, sur la route de Damas, survint sa rencontre avec le Christ (cf. Ga 1, 13-16), sans nier ses propres «traditions» et en nourrissant son estime et sa gratitude pour le Judaïsme et la Loi (cf. Rm 9, 1-5; 10,1; 2 Co 11, 22; Ga 1, 13-14; Ph 3, 3-6), il se dévoua sans hésitations ni tergiversations à sa nouvelle mission avec courage et enthousiasme, docile au commandement du Seigneur: «Va; c'est au loin, vers les païens, que moi, je veux t'envoyer» (Ac 22, 21). Son existence changea radicalement (cf. Ph 3, 7-11): Jésus devint pour lui sa raison d'être et le motif d'inspiration de son engagement apostolique au service de l'Evangile. De persécuteur des chrétiens il devint apôtre du Christ.

Guidé par l'Esprit Saint, il se prodigua sans réserve, afin que l'Evangile qui est «une force de Dieu pour le salut de tout homme qui croit, du Juif d'abord, puis du Grec» (Rm 1, 16) fût annoncé à tous, sans distinctions de nationalité et de culture. Dans ses voyages apostoliques, malgré des oppositions répétées, il proclamait l'Evangile d'abord dans les synagogues, en accordant avant tout une attention à ses compatriotes en exil (cf. Ac 18, 4-6). Si ceux-ci le rejetaient, il s'adressait aux païens, en se faisant un «authentique missionnaire des migrants», migrant lui-même et ambassadeur itinérant de Jésus Christ, pour inviter chacun à devenir, dans le Fils de Dieu, «une nouvelle créature» (2 Co 5,17).

La proclamation du kérygme lui fit traverser les mers du Proche-Orient et parcourir les routes de l'Europe, jusqu'à atteindre Rome. Il partit d'Antioche, où l'Evangile fut annoncé à des populations n'appartenant pas au judaïsme, et où les disciples de Jésus furent pour la première fois appelés «chrétiens» (cf. Ac 11, 20.26). Sa vie et sa prédication furent totalement dédiées à faire connaître et aimer Jésus de tous, parce qu'en Lui tous les peuples sont appelés à devenir un seul peuple.

Cela est, aujourd'hui également, à l'heure de la mondialisation, la mission de l'Eglise et de tous les baptisés; mission qui, par un soin pastoral attentif, se tourne aussi vers l'univers bigarré des migrants - étudiants non résidents, immigrés, réfugiés, personnes déplacées - en incluant ceux qui sont victimes des esclavages modernes, comme par exemple le trafic des êtres humains. Aujourd'hui aussi le message du salut doit être proposé avec la même attitude que l'Apôtre des nations, en tenant compte des différentes situations sociales et culturelles, et des difficultés particulières de chacun qui découlent de la condition de migrant et d'itinérant. Je forme le vœu que toutes les communautés chrétiennes puissent nourrir la même ferveur apostolique que saint Paul qui, pour annoncer à tous l'amour salvifique du Père (Rm 8, 15; Ga 4, 6) afin «de gagner le plus grand nombre» (1 Co 9, 19) se fit «faible avec les faibles (...) tous à tous, afin d'en sauver à tout prix quelques-uns» (1 Co 9, 22). Que son exemple soit pour nous aussi un encouragement à nous faire solidaires de ces frères et sœurs et à promouvoir, partout dans le monde et par tous les moyens, la coexistence pacifique entre les ethnies, les cultures et les religions différentes.

Mais quel fut le secret de l'Apôtre des nations? Le zèle missionnaire et la fougue du combattant, qui le caractérisaient, provenaient du fait que lui-même, «saisi par le Christ Jésus» (Ph 3, 12), lui demeura si intimement uni qu'il se sentît prendre part à sa propre vie, à travers «la communion à ses souffrances» (Ph 3, 10; cf. également Rm 8, 17; 2 Co 4, 8-12; Col 1, 24). C'est là qu'est la source de l'ardeur apostolique de saint Paul, lequel raconte: «Celui qui dès le sein maternel m'a mis à part et appelé par sa grâce divine daigna révéler en moi son Fils pour que je l'annonce parmi les païens» (Ga 1, 15-16; cf. également Rm 15, 15-16). Il se sentit «Crucifié avec le Christ», au point de pouvoir affirmer: «Ce n'est plus moi qui vit mais le Christ qui vit en moi» (Ga 2, 20). Et aucune difficulté ne l'empêcha de poursuivre dans sa courageuse action évangélisatrice dans des villes cosmopolites comme Rome et Corinthe qui, à cette époque, étaient peuplées d'une mosaïque d'ethnies et de cultures.

En lisant les Actes des Apôtres et les Lettres que Paul adresse à différents destinataires, on saisit un modèle d'Eglise non exclusive, et même ouverte à tous, formée par des croyants sans distinction de culture et de race: chaque baptisé est, en effet, membre vivant de l'unique Corps du Christ. Dans cette optique, la solidarité fraternelle, qui se traduit en gestes quotidiens de partage, de coparticipation et d'attention joyeuse aux autres, acquiert un profil singulier. Il n'est cependant pas possible de réaliser cette dimension d'accueil fraternel réciproque, nous enseigne toujours saint Paul, sans la disponibilité à l'écoute et à l'accueil de la Parole prêchée et pratiquée (cf. 1 Th 1, 6), Parole qui invite tout le monde à imiter le Christ (cf. Ep 5, 1-2) à l'image de l'Apôtre (cf. 1 Co 11, 1). Aussi, plus la communauté est unie au Christ, plus elle est invitée à l'égard du prochain, en fuyant les préjugés, le mépris et le scandale, et en s'ouvrant à l'accueil réciproque (cf. Rm 14, 1-3; 15, 17). Conformés au Christ, les croyants se sentent en Lui «frères», fils du même Père (Rm 8, 14-16; Gal 3, 26; 4, 6). Ce trésor de fraternité les rend «avides de donner l'hospitalité» (Rm 12, 13), qui est la première fille de l'agapè (cf. 1 Tm 3, 2; 5, 10; Tt 1, 8; Phm 17).

On réalise de cette manière la promesse du Seigneur: «Je vous accueillerai. Je serai pour vous un père, et vous serez pour moi des fils et des filles» (2 Co 6, 17-18). Si nous sommes conscients de cela, comment ne pas prendre en charge ceux qui, en particulier parmi les réfugiés et les personnes déplacées, se trouvent dans des conditions difficiles et malaisées? Comment ne pas remédier aux besoins de celui qui est, de fait, plus faible et sans défense, marqué par la précarité et l'insécurité, marginalisé, et souvent exclus de la société? On leur doit une attention plus grande parce que, pour paraphraser un texte paulinien bien connu, «Dieu a choisi ce qu'il y a de fou dans le monde pour confondre les sages, ce qui dans le monde est sans naissance et ce que l'on méprise et ce qui n'est pas pour réduire à rien ce qui est, afin qu'aucune chair n'aille se glorifier devant Dieu» (1 Co 1, 27-29).

Chers frères et sœurs, que la Journée Mondiale du Migrant et du Réfugié, qui sera célébrée le 18 janvier 2009, soit pour tous un encouragement à vivre pleinement l'amour fraternel sans distinction de genre et sans discriminations, dans la conviction que quiconque a besoin de nous et que nous pouvons aider est notre prochain (cf. Deus caritas est, n. 15). Que l'enseignement et l'exemple de Saint Paul, humble grand Apôtre et migrant, évangélisateur des peuples et des cultures, nous encouragent à comprendre que la pratique de la charité constitue le sommet et la synthèse de toute la vie chrétienne. Le commandement de l'amour - nous le savons bien - se nourrit quand les disciples du Christ participent unis à l'Eucharistie qui est, par excellence, le Sacrement de la fraternité et de l'amour. Et de même que Jésus au cénacle, unit le commandement nouveau de l'amour fraternel au don de l'Eucharistie, de même ses «amis», en suivant les traces du Christ, qui s'est fait «serviteur» de l'humanité, et soutenus par sa Grâce, ne peuvent que se dévouer au service réciproque, en se soutenant les uns les autres selon ce que saint Paul recommanda: «Portez les fardeaux les uns des autres et accomplissez ainsi la loi du Christ» (Ga 6, 2). Ce n'est que de cette manière que grandit l'amour entre les croyants et envers tout le monde (cf. 1 Th 3, 12).

Chers frères et sœurs, ne nous lassons pas de proclamer et de témoigner cette «Bonne Nouvelle» avec enthousiasme, sans peur et sans économiser notre énergie! Tout le message évangélique est contenu dans l'amour et les disciples authentiques du Christ se reconnaissent par leur amour mutuel et par leur accueil à l'égard de tous. Que l'Apôtre Paul nous obtienne ce don, mais surtout Marie, Mère de l'accueil et de l'amour. Tandis que j'invoque la protection divine sur ceux qui sont engagés dans l'aide aux migrants et, plus généralement, sur le vaste monde de l'émigration, j'assure à chacun un rappel constant dans la prière et j'accorde affectueusement à tous la Bénédiction apostolique.

De Castel Gandolfo, le 24 août 2008

BENEDICTUS PP. XVI



site Zenit

Date: 2007-10-09

MESSAGE OF HIS HOLINESS BENEDICT XVI
FOR THE 95th WORLD DAY OF MIGRANTS AND REFUGEES (2009)

18 January 2009

Theme: St Paul migrant, ‘Apostle of the peoples’

* * *

Message from Benedict XVI for the World Day of Migrants and Refugees: “Today too the message of salvation must be presented with the same approach as that of the Apostle to the Gentiles, taking into account the different social and cultural situations and special difficulties of each one as a consequence of his or her condition as a migrant or itinerant person.”

Vatican City (Agenzia Fides) – The life and preaching of Saint Paul “were wholly directed to making Jesus known and loved by all, for all persons are called to become a single people in him. This is the mission of the Church and of every baptized person in our time too, even in the era of globalization; a mission that with attentive pastoral solicitude is also directed to the variegated universe of migrants - students far from home, immigrants, refugees, displaced people, evacuees - including for example, the victims of modern forms of slavery, and of human trafficking. Today too the message of salvation must be presented with the same approach as that of the Apostle to the Gentiles, taking into account the different social and cultural situations and special difficulties of each one as a consequence of his or her condition as a migrant or itinerant person.” This is the exhortation that the Holy Father Benedict XVI made in his Message for the 95th World Day of Migrants and Refugees, which will be celebrated on Sunday, January 18, 2009 on “St Paul migrant, ‘Apostle of the peoples.’”
The Holy Father hopes that “every Christian community may feel the same apostolic zeal as St Paul” and that “his example also be an incentive for us to show solidarity to these brothers and sisters of ours and to promote, in every part of the world and by every means, peaceful coexistence among different races, cultures and religions.”
At the beginning of his Message, the Pontiff recalls that this Day is this year based on the Jubilee Year being held in honor of the apostle, on the 2,000th anniversary of his birth: “the preaching and mediation between the different cultures and the Gospel which Paul, "a migrant by vocation" carried out, are also an important reference point for those who find themselves involved in the migratory movement today.”
Later, recalling the various parts of Paul’s life, the Pontiff recalled that after his encounter with Christ on the road to Damascus, “His life changed radically (cf. Phil 3:7-11): Jesus became for him his raison d’être and the motive that inspired his apostolic dedication to the service of the Gospel. He changed from being a persecutor of Christians to being an Apostle of Christ. Guided by the Holy Spirit, he spared no effort to see that the Gospel which is "the power of God for salvation to every one who has faith, to the Jew first and also to the Greek" (Rm 1:16) was proclaimed to all, making no distinction of nationality or culture. On his apostolic journeys, in spite of meeting with constant opposition, he first proclaimed the Gospel in the synagogues, giving prior attention to his compatriots in the diaspora (cf. Acts 18:4-6). If they rejected him he would address the Gentiles, making himself - an authentic "missionary to migrants" - as a migrant and an ambassador of Jesus Christ "at large" in order to invite every person to become a "new creation" in the Son of God (2 Cor 5:17). The proclamation of the kerygma caused him to cross the seas of the Near East and to travel the roads of Europe until he reached Rome.”
The “missionary zeal” and “passion of the wrestler” that distinguished St. Paul “stemmed from the fact that since ‘Christ [had] made him his own’, (Phil 3:12), he remained so closely united to him that he felt he shared in his same life, through sharing in ‘his sufferings’. This is the source of the apostolic ardour of St Paul... no difficulty hindered him from persevering in his courageous evangelizing action in cosmopolitan cities such as Rome and Corinth, which were populated at that time by a mosaic of races and cultures.”
The Acts of the Apostles and the Letters of St. Paul are a model of the Church that “was not exclusive but on the contrary open to all, formed by believers without distinction of culture or race” and “In this perspective, fraternal solidarity expressed in daily gestures of sharing, joint participation and joyful concern for others, acquires a unique prominence. However, it is impossible to achieve this dimension of brotherly mutual acceptance, St Paul always teaches, without the readiness to listen to and welcome the Word preached and practiced, a Word that urges all to be imitators of Christ, to be imitators of the Apostle. And therefore, the more closely the community is united to Christ, the more it cares for its neighbor, eschewing judgement, scorn and scandal, and opening itself to reciprocal acceptance.”
Benedict XVI continues: “If we are aware of this, how can we fail to take charge of all those, particularly refugees and displaced people, who are in conditions of difficulty or hardship? How can we fail to meet the needs of those who are de facto the weakest and most defenceless, marked by precariousness and insecurity, marginalized and often excluded by society?”
The Holy Father hopes that the World Day of Migrants and Refugees may “be for all an incentive to live brotherly love to the full without making any kind of distinction and without discrimination, in the conviction that any one who needs us and whom we can help is our neighbour (cf. Deus Caritas Est, n. 15). May the teaching and example of St Paul, a great and humble Apostle and a migrant, an evangelizer of peoples and cultures, spur us to understand that the exercise of charity is the culmination and synthesis of the whole of Christian life... The entire Gospel message is condensed in love, and authentic disciples of Christ are recognized by the mutual love their bear one another and by their acceptance of all.” (SL) (Agenzia Fides 9/10/2008)

Complete text

Theme: St Paul migrant, ‘Apostle of the peoples’

Dear Brothers and Sisters,

This year the theme of the Message for the World Day of Migrants and Refugees is: “St Paul migrant, ‘Apostle of the peoples’”. It is inspired by its felicitous coincidence with the Jubilee Year I established in the Apostle's honour on the occasion of the 2,000th anniversary of his birth. Indeed, the preaching and mediation between the different cultures and the Gospel which Paul, “a migrant by vocation” carried out, are also an important reference point for those who find themselves involved in the migratory movement today.

Born into a family of Jewish immigrants in Tarsus, Cilicia, Saul was educated in the Hebrew and Hellenistic cultures and languages, making the most of the Roman cultural context. After his encounter with Christ on the road to Damascus (cf. Gal 1:13-16), although he did not deny his own “traditions” and felt both esteem and gratitude to Judaism and the Law (cf. Rm 9:1-5; 10:1; 2 Cor 11:22; Gal 1:13-14; Phil 3:3-6), he devoted himself without hesitation or second thoughts to his new mission, with courage and enthusiasm and docile to the Lord's command: “I will send you far away to the Gentiles” (Acts 22:21). His life changed radically (cf. Phil 3:7-11): Jesus became for him his raison d’être and the motive that inspired his apostolic dedication to the service of the Gospel. He changed from being a persecutor of Christians to being an Apostle of Christ.

Guided by the Holy Spirit, he spared no effort to see that the Gospel which is “the power of God for salvation to every one who has faith, to the Jew first and also to the Greek” (Rm 1:16) was proclaimed to all, making no distinction of nationality or culture. On his apostolic journeys, in spite of meeting with constant opposition, he first proclaimed the Gospel in the synagogues, giving prior attention to his compatriots in the diaspora (cf. Acts 18:4-6). If they rejected him he would address the Gentiles, making himself - an authentic “missionary to migrants” - as a migrant and an ambassador of Jesus Christ “at large” in order to invite every person to become a “new creation” in the Son of God (2 Cor 5:17).

The proclamation of the kerygma caused him to cross the seas of the Near East and to travel the roads of Europe until he reached Rome. He set out from Antioch, where he proclaimed the Gospel to people who did not belong to Judaism and where the disciples of Jesus were called “Christians” for the first time (cf. Acts 11:20, 26). His life and his preaching were wholly directed to making Jesus known and loved by all, for all persons are called to become a single people in him.

This is the mission of the Church and of every baptized person in our time too, even in the era of globalization; a mission that with attentive pastoral solicitude is also directed to the variegated universe of migrants - students far from home, immigrants, refugees, displaced people, evacuees - including for example, the victims of modern forms of slavery, and of human trafficking. Today too the message of salvation must be presented with the same approach as that of the Apostle to the Gentiles, taking into account the different social and cultural situations and special difficulties of each one as a consequence of his or her condition as a migrant or itinerant person. I express the wish that every Christian community may feel the same apostolic zeal as St Paul who, although he was proclaiming to all the saving love of the Father (Rm 8:15-16; Gal 4:6) to “win more” (1 Cor 9:22) for Christ, made himself weak “to the weak... all things to all men so that [he] might by all means save some” (1 Cor 9:22). May his example also be an incentive for us to show solidarity to these brothers and sisters of ours and to promote, in every part of the world and by every means, peaceful coexistence among different races, cultures and religions.

Yet what was the secret of the Apostle to the Gentiles? The missionary zeal and passion of the wrestler that distinguished him stemmed from the fact that since “Christ [had] made him his own”, (Phil 3:12), he remained so closely united to him that he felt he shared in his same life, through sharing in “his sufferings” (Phil 3:10; cf. also Rm 8:17; 2 Cor 4:8-12; Col 1:24). This is the source of the apostolic ardour of St Paul who recounts: “He who had set me apart before I was born, and had called me through his grace, was pleased to reveal his Son to me, in order that I might preach him among the Gentiles” (Gal 1:15-16; cf. also Rm 15:15-16). He felt “crucified with” Christ, so that he could say: “It is no longer I who live, but Christ who lives in me” (Gal 2:20), and no difficulty hindered him from persevering in his courageous evangelizing action in cosmopolitan cities such as Rome and Corinth, which were populated at that time by a mosaic of races and cultures.

In reading the Acts of the Apostles and the Letters that Paul addressed to various recipients, we perceive a model of a Church that was not exclusive but on the contrary open to all, formed by believers without distinction of culture or race: every baptized person is, in fact, a living member of the one Body of Christ. In this perspective, fraternal solidarity expressed in daily gestures of sharing, joint participation and joyful concern for others, acquires a unique prominence. However, it is impossible to achieve this dimension of brotherly mutual acceptance, St Paul always teaches, without the readiness to listen to and welcome the Word preached and practised (cf. 1 Thes 1:6), a Word that urges all to be imitators of Christ (cf. Eph 5:1-2), to be imitators of the Apostle (cf. 1 Cor 11:1). And therefore, the more closely the community is united to Christ, the more it cares for its neighbour, eschewing judgment, scorn and scandal, and opening itself to reciprocal acceptance (cf. Rm 14:1-3; 15:7). Conformed to Christ, believers feel they are “brothers” in him, sons of the same Father (Rm 8:14-16; Gal 3:26; 4:6). This treasure of brotherhood makes them “practise hospitality” (Rm 12:13), which is the firstborn daughter of agape (cf. 1 Tm 3:2, 5:10; Ti 1:8; Phlm 17).

In this manner the Lord's promise: comes true: “then I will welcome you, and I will be a father to you, and you shall be my sons and daughters” (2 Cor 6:17-18). If we are aware of this, how can we fail to take charge of all those, particularly refugees and displaced people, who are in conditions of difficulty or hardship? How can we fail to meet the needs of those who are de facto the weakest and most defenceless, marked by precariousness and insecurity, marginalized and often excluded by society? We should give our priority attention to them because, paraphrasing a well known Pauline text, “God chose what is foolish in the world to shame the wise, God chose what is weak in the world to shame the strong, God chose what is low and despised in the world, even things that are not, to bring to nothing things that are, so that no human being might boast in the presence of God” (1 Cor 1:27).


Dear brothers and sisters, may the World Day for Migrants and Refugees, which will be celebrated on 18 January 2009, be for all an incentive to live brotherly love to the full without making any kind of distinction and without discrimination, in the conviction that any one who needs us and whom we can help is our neighbour (cf. Deus Caritas Est, n. 15). May the teaching and example of St Paul, a great and humble Apostle and a migrant, an evangelizer of peoples and cultures, spur us to understand that the exercise of charity is the culmination and synthesis of the whole of Christian life.


The commandment of love - as we well know - is nourished when disciples of Christ, united, share in the banquet of the Eucharist which is, par excellence, the sacrament of brotherhood and love. And just as Jesus at the Last Supper combined the new commandment of fraternal love with the gift of the Eucharist, so his “friends”, following in the footsteps of Christ who made himself a “servant” of humanity, and sustained by his Grace cannot but dedicate themselves to mutual service, taking charge of one another, complying with St Paul's recommendation: “bear one another's burdens, and so fulfil the law of Christ” (Gal 6:2). Only in this way does love increase among believers and for all people (cf. 1 Thes 3:12).


Dear brothers and sisters, let us not tire of proclaiming and witnessing to this “Good News” with enthusiasm, without fear and sparing no energy! The entire Gospel message is condensed in love, and authentic disciples of Christ are recognized by the mutual love their bear one another and by their acceptance of all.


May the Apostle Paul and especially Mary, the Mother of acceptance and love, obtain this gift for us. As I invoke the divine protection upon all those who are dedicated to helping migrants, and more generally, in the vast world of migration, I assure each one of my constant remembrance in prayer and, with affection, I impart my apostolic Blessing to all.


From Castel Gandolfo, 24 August 2008


BENEDICTUS PP. XVI